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WHO Full Form: History, Objective, Work etc.

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WHO Full Form: The World Health Organization (WHO) is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with six semi-autonomous local offices and 150 field offices worldwide. WHO is working with 194 member States across the six regions. WHO is the most important agency of the United Nations responsible for improving public health conditions worldwide. It was established on 7 April 1948, celebrated as World Health Day. WHO built the assets, staff, and duties of the League of Nations’ Health Organization and the Office International d’Hygiène Publique, including the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

Success Story

The WHO relies on donations from member states (assessed and willing) and private donors. Its approved budget for 2020–2021 is over $7.2 billion, of which the bulk comes from optional contributions from member states. World Health Organization are approved preferences cover dangerous diseases, especially HIV/AIDS, Ebola, COVID-19, malaria and tuberculosis; non-communicable conditions such as heart disease and cancer; healthy diet, nutrition, food security; and occupational health.

Page Index
1 WHO Overview
2 History of WHO
3 WHO’s general commission involves
4 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

WHO Overview

Here in this section, we are providing a short overview of WHO (World Health Organization). Let’s have a look.

WHOWorld Health Organization
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Formation7 April 1948
Executive DirectorDr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
Official languagesArabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish

History of WHO

  • International Sanitary Conferences, formerly held on 23 June of 1851, had the first predecessors of the WHO.
  • A group of 14 conferences that served from 1851 to 1938, the International Sanitary Conferences worked to combat various conditions, including cholera, yellow fever, and the bubonic plague.
  • The discussions were primarily ineffective until the seventh, in 1892, when an International Sanitary Convention dealt with cholera.
  • Five years later, a gathering for the plague continued signed.
  • As a conclusion to the progress of the Conferences, the Pan-American Sanitary Bureau (1902) and the Office International d’Hygiène Publique (1907) were soon established. When the League of Nations was formed in 1920, they founded the Health Organization of the League of Nations. Following World War II, the United Nations incorporated all the other health organizations into the WHO.

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WHO’s general commission involves

  • Supporting universal healthcare.
  • Monitoring public health risks.
  • Coordinating responses to health emergencies.
  • Promoting human health and the whole being.

It provides technical assistance to countries, sets international health criteria and guidelines, and receives global health issues through the World Health Survey.WHO’s Role in Public Health

Below are mentioned the As of 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) has determined its part in public health as follows:

  • WHO provides leadership on concerns critical to health and engages in partnerships anywhere standard action is demanded;
  • It is developing the analysis program and animating the formation, translation, and distribution of relevant knowledge;
  • Introducing norms and rules and advertising and monitoring their implementation;
  • It provides professional support, catalysing innovation, building sustainable institutional function; and
  • I was monitoring the health situation and assessing health aims.
  • CRVS (civil registration and vital statistics) monitors critical events (birth, death, wedding, divorce).

Objectives of the World Health Organization (WHO)

  • Serve as the government’s directing body for health-related operations.
  • Maintain excellent connections and effective engagement with the UN and other similar organizations.
  • Assist governments in enhancing healthcare services within their respective countries.
  • Promote collaboration among various professional groups in society involved in health services.
  • Implement strategies to improve society’s health standards by considering socioeconomic determinants.

Contributions of WHO in India

  • Health advice and keeping health standards high in society.
  • As a way for countries to get information during outbreaks, they provide oversight and help.
  • Successfully getting rid of smallpox around the world and spreading information about how to control TB.
  • Pleading for children to be vaccinated against illnesses that can be spread, like tetanus, measles, diphtheria, whooping cough, tuberculosis, and poliomyelitis.
  • Set up the Global Public Health Intelligence Network to send out alerts before possible pandemics happen.
  • Focus on improving health standards and making sure that everyone in India has access to good health services, especially those who are less fortunate.
  • Putting the National Strategic Plan for Elimination of Malaria into action, with the goal of getting rid of malaria in India by 2027.

Challenges for WHO

Current and future problems will face the World Health Organization (WHO). Dependence on donations for funds is a big problem for the group because it causes a lot of problems. Additionally, WHO has been criticized for how it has handled big breakouts like Ebola and the most recent coronavirus pandemic. There have been questions raised about the organization’s response systems and crisis management procedures, including its ability to handle these situations well.

Further to these current problems, WHO has had problems in the past, such as when it signed the WHA 12-40 deal with the IAEA. This deal, which made it clear that the WHO needed the IAEA, was criticized for giving the group too little freedom to make its own decisions. Concerns were eased by saying that WHO will still be able to make its own decisions about health.

The group is also being criticized for showing China as a trustworthy partner, even though there are worries about China’s openness and awareness of global health problems. Others are worried that the WHO’s ties with China could make it harder for it to deal with global health problems in an open and honest way, which would make people question its fairness and trustworthiness in the international community.


To sum up, the WHO is doing invaluable work in formulating the policies that govern global health and that aim to improve public health conditions throughout the entire world. Besides facing a whole range of problems like the reliance on donations and the accusations of mismanaging major outbreaks, WHO has not shied away from its mandate of universal health care, monitoring of public health risks, coordinating response to health emergencies, and overall enhancement of human health and wellbeing. The organizations have had abundant contributions in India ranging from giving health tips and maintaining high levels of health standards to creating strategies of disease eradication and improving access to health services and most vulnerable people. Therefore, WHO, while confronting challenges and fulfilling its objectives, keeps devoting resources and efforts to ensure the well-being of all humanity.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the full form of WHO?

The full form of WHO is World Health Organization

What is the WHO definition of health?

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

Where can I find job opportunities at WHO?

The WHO employment site compiles a list of current vacancies and types of recruitment contracts.

Why are countries referred to the way they are?

The official names of the WHO Member States and their relative position in the alphabetical lists are based on information from the Member States and the United Nations.

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