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What is the Full Form of WFP? Check History, Objective, Countries etc.

/ By Saghira
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Today we will talk about WFP, its History and its full form? And will give complete information about what its functions are. The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations, the world’s largest humanitarian organization, the largest one focused on hunger and food security, and the biggest provider of school meals. WFP was established in the year 1961. They’re headquartered in Rome and have offices in 80 countries. Throughout this article, we provide detailed information about WFP like the History of WFP, objective, structure, members & much more.

What is WFP?

The World Food Programme is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, saving lives in emergencies and using food assistance to build a pathway to peace, stability and prosperity for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change.


  • WFP operations are funded by voluntary donations, principally from governments around the globe and also from corporations and private donors.
  • In 2019, funding was a record US $8 U.S.llion, of which the most critical donors were the u.s. ($3.4 billion) and Germany ($886.6 million). Contributions were insufficient to hide identified needs of food-insecure populations, with a funding gap of US$4.1 billion.

WFP Overview

WFPWorld Food Programme
HeadquartersRome, Italy
Formation19 December 1961
Secretary-GeneralRome, Italy
TypeAn intergovernmental organization, Regulatory body, Advisory board
Member36 Member States


  • WFP was established in 1961 after the 1960 Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Conference, director of the US FooU.S.for Peace Programmes when George McGovern proposed establishing a multilateral food aid programme.
  • WFP launched its first programmes in 1963 by the FAO and, therefore, the UN GenU.N.al Assembly on a three-year experimental basis, supporting the Nubian population at Wadi Halfa in Sudan. In 1965, the programme was extended to an unbroken basis.


  • The World Food Programme (WFP) is the leading humanitarian organization protecting lives and changing lives, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to higher nutrition and build resilience.
  • As the international community has committed to ending hunger, achieving food safety and enhanced nutrition by 2030, one in nine people worldwide still doesn’t have enough to eat.
  • Food and food-related assistance lie at the guts of the trouble to interrupt the cycle of poverty and hunger.

WFP Work

Our support to over 80 countries spans a broad range of activities to save and change lives, with the last word goal of a world with zero hunger. Within this, we concentrate on supporting governments and populations in mitigating the impact of threats, including conflict, climate shocks and other disasters, and developing sustainable livelihoods that may build self-reliance and resilience. Planning and style are essential elements of every project, as is thorough monitoring and evaluation in ensuring we meet the requirements of the people we serve and in learning where we will further strengthen our impact.

WFP structure

Where WFP Work

AlgeriaLao People’s Democratic Republic
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)Malawi
Burkina FasoMali
The central African RepublicNamibia
Côte d’IvoirePalestine
Democratic People’s Republic of KoreaPeru
The Democratic Republic of the CongoPhilippines
Dominican RepublicSao Tome and Principe
EgyptSierra Leone
El SalvadorSomalia
EswatiniSouth Sudan
EthiopiaSri Lanka
The GambiaSudan
GhanaSyrian Arab Republic
Guinea-BissauThe Caribbean
HaitiThe Pacific
Iran (the Islamic Republic of)Turkey

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is WFP?

A. The World Food Programme (WFP) is the leading humanitarian organization saving lives and changing lives, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience.

Q. How many countries are in WFP?

A. The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide. On average, WFP aims to reach more than 90 million people with food assistance in more than 70 countries.

Q. Is the WFP an NGO?

A. The WFP is funded by voluntary donations, mainly from governments and companies and private donors. It is one of three U.N. fU.N.aid organizations based in Rome. Its sister bodies are the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

Q. Who funds the WFP?

A. Governments are the principal funding source for WFP; the organization receives no dues or portions of the UN assU.N.sed contributions. On average, over 60 governments underwrite humanitarian and development projects. All government support is on an entirely voluntary basis.


Hello, I am Saghira Basirat, having a keen interest in sharing educational and career articles. For any queries & corrections comment below.

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