UNECA Full Form: History, Objective, Strategic etc.

Today we will talk about UNECA, History and its full form? And will give complete information about what its functions are. The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa promotes the economic and social development of its member States, fosters intra-regional integration, and promotes international cooperation for Africa’s development. So you have complete information about it.

What is UNECA

The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA or ECA) was established in 1958 by the United Nations Economic and Social Council to encourage economic cooperation among its member states (the nations of the African continent) following a recommendation of the United Nations General Assembly.

It is one of the five regional commissions. The ECA has 54 member states, corresponding to the 54 member states of the United Nations located within the continent of Africa or in the oceans near the mainland.

UNECA Overview

Today UNECA is functioning in additional than 54 member countries and works for Africa’s development.

UNECAUnited Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)
HeadquartersAddis Ababa, Ethiopia
Executive SecretaryVera Songwe
Parent OrganizationUnited Nations Economic and Social Council
Member54 Member

Core Functions

The contribution by UNECA to the task of carrying forward the 2030 Agenda and Agenda 2063 is centred on the Commission’s three core functions, namely, its convening function, its function as a think tank and its operational role, as articulated below:

  1. Convening function
  2. Think-tank function
  3. Operational function

UNECA mission, objective and strategic directions

Our mission is to deliver ideas and actions for an empowered and transformed Africa, informed by the 2030 Agenda and 2063. The task is guided by ECA’s five new strategic directions, which are:

(a) Advancing ECA’s position as a premier knowledge institution that builds on its unique position and privilege to bring global solutions to the continent’s problems and take a local solution to the mainland;

(b) Developing macroeconomic and structural policy options to accelerate economic diversification and job creation;

(c) Designing and implementing innovative financing models for infrastructure and human, physical and social assets for a transforming Africa;

(d) Contributing solutions to regional and transboundary challenges, with a focus on peace security and social inclusion as an essential development nexus;

(e) Advocating Africa’s position at the global level and developing regional responses contribute to global governance issues.


  • Data and statistics
  • Economic development and planning
  • Gender equality and the empowerment of women
  • Macroeconomics and governance
  • Poverty, inequality and social policy
  • Private sector development and finance
  • Regional integration and trade
  • Subregional activities for development
  • Technology, climate change and natural resource management

Members States

Following are the member states of the commission, along with their date of admission:

BelarusRepublic of Moldova
Bosnia and HerzegovinaMontenegro
CanadaNorth Macedonia
Czech RepublicPortugal
EstoniaRussian Federation
FinlandSan Marino
KyrgyzstanUnited Kingdom
UzbekistanUnited States of America

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)

Q. What is the Full form of UNECA?

Ans. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA).

Q. How many countries are in the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa?

Ans. There are 54 members of the UNECA.

Q. Who is the head of the UNECA?

Ans. Vera Songwe is the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.

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