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ILO Full Form: History, Objective, Work etc.

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ILO Full Form: The ILO stands for International Labour Organization, and its workplace was established by the World organisation to line international labour standards and advance social and economic justice throughout the planet. The sole tripartite U.N. agency, since 1919, the ILO brought together governments, employers, and workers of 187 member States, to line labour standards, develop policies and devise programs promoting decent work for all women and men. The ILO celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2019; it’s time to reflect on the life-changing events linked to the ten decades of ILO history. The organisation has played a job at critical historical junctures – the excellent Depression, decolonisation, the creation of Solidarność in Poland, the victory over apartheid in South Africa – and today, within the building of an ethical and productive framework for fair globalisation.

Success Story

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is dedicated to promoting social justice, and internationally recognized human and labour rights, establishing that social justice is critical to universal and lasting peace. The ILO also valued what impact a transition to a green economy would wear employment. Consistent with the ILO, if the proper policies are put in situ, a change to a greener economy could create 24 million new jobs around the world by 2030.

1 ILO Overview
2 History of ILO
3 Objectives of ILO
4 List of Programmes & Issues Done by ILO
5 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

ILO Overview

Here in this section, we provide a short overview of ILO (International Labour Organization). Let’s have a look.

ILOInternational Labour Organization
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Formation11 April 1919; 102 years ago
TypeUnited Nations specialised agency
Parent organisationUnited Nations General Assembly
United Nations Economic and Social Council
Awards1969 Nobel Peace Prize

History of ILO

Before we start with detailed information, let’s look at the history of ILO (International Labour Organization).

  • While the ILO was founded as a bureau of the agency of countries following world war I, its founders had made great strides in social thought and action before 1919.
  • The core members all knew each other from earlier private professional and ideological networks, where they exchanged experiences, knowledge, and ideas on policy.
  • Prewar “epistemic communities”, like the International Association for Labour Legislation (IALL), founded in 1900, and political networks, like the socialist Second International, were a determinant within the institutionalization of international labour politics.
  • The ILO became the primary affiliated specific agency of the world organization in 1946. In recognition of its activities, the ILO was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1969.

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List of Programmes & Issues Done by ILO

In this section, we provide information about the list of programmes and Issues done by the ILO (International Labour Organization). Let’s have a look.

List of ProgrammesList of IssueList of Issue
Labour statisticsForced labourMigrant workers
Training and teaching unitsMinimum wage lawDomestic workers
Child labourHIV/AIDSILO and globalization and Future of Work

Objective of ILO

Here in this section, we are providing detailed information about ILO’s (International Labour Organization) objective. Let’s have a look.

  • Promote and realize standards and fundamental principles, and rights at work.
  • Create greater opportunities for women and men for decent employment and income.
  • Enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all, and
  • Strengthen tripartism and social dialogue.

Structure of ILO

  • Governing Body
  • International Labor Office
  • International Labour Conference

ILO Agenda for 2030

  • Create more jobs for everyone.
  • Ensure that all workers have rights and protections at work.
  • Provide social protection for workers and their families.
  • Encourage open and respectful communication between workers, employers, and governments.
  • Focus on gender equality in all aspects of work.
  • Aim for fair globalization and poverty reduction through productive employment.
  • Work towards sustainable economic growth that benefits everyone.

Benefits of the International Labour Organization (ILO)

  • Protects workers’ rights globally.
  • Sets minimum standards for working conditions.
  • Promotes fairness in the global labour market.
  • Helps create decent and productive jobs for both men and women.
  • Supports gender equality at work.
  • Encourages education and training for better employment opportunities.
  • Advocates for policies that benefit workers, employers, and societies.

Limitations of the International Labour Organization (ILO)

  • Can’t force countries to follow its rules.
  • Depends on member countries for money and support.
  • Doesn’t have as much money as other big organizations.
  • Can only focus on labor and employment issues.


Since its founding in 1919, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has served as a global leader in social justice, advocating for workers’ rights and decent work practices. The ILO continues to promote equitable globalization, gender equality, and sustainable economic growth. It has a rich history and a comprehensive agenda for the future. Notwithstanding these drawbacks, the ILO makes a substantial contribution to the creation of a more just and prosperous world for all people through its efforts to create standards, safeguard workers, and promote communication among stakeholders.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What does ILO mean?

International Labour Organization is a specific agency of the United Nations (UN) that deals with labour-related issues worldwide, including changing labour conditions and employment standards.

What is the Full Form of ILO?

The full form of ILO is International Labour Organization

What is the full form of ILO in the United Nations?

International Labour Organization

What is the full form of ILO in Associations & Organizations?

International Labour Organization

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