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ICTY Full Form: History, Features, Objectives etc.

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ICTY Full Form: The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, which investigated and prosecuted war crimes perpetrated during the Yugoslav Wars, the United Nations established the ICTY. The tribunal was a special court in the Netherlands’s The Hague. The UN founded the Tribunal in May 1993 in reaction to the widespread crimes that were happening in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia at the time. Reports of atrocious crimes, including the killing and sexual abuse of hundreds of thousands of civilians, their torture and expulsion from their homes, sparked anger around the world and prompted the UN Security Council to take action.

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Since the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals, the ICTY is the first international war crimes tribunal. It was established by the UN as the first war crimes court. Chapter VII of the UN Charter was created by the Security Council. Visitors to the ICTY can attend trials in person if they are interested in following the Tribunal’s proceedings. Trials can also be followed online through this website’s broadcast.


ICTY Overview

This section briefly overviews the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Let’s have a look.

ICTYInternational Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
Formation25 May 1993
Authorised byUnited Nations Security Council Resolution 827
MethodSocial science research
Official languagesEnglish


A United Nations court of law, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), dealt with war crimes committed during the 1990s Balkan wars. Its tenure, which spanned from 1993 to 2017, permanently altered the landscape of international humanitarian law, gave victims a chance to speak out about the atrocities they had seen and experienced and demonstrated that those thought to be most responsible for atrocities committed during armed conflicts could be held accountable.

The ICTY, based in The Hague, the Netherlands, has accused more than 160 people. Heads of state, prime ministers, chiefs of staff of the armed forces, interior ministries, and several other high- and mid-level political, military, and police leaders from different sides of the Yugoslav conflicts are among those charged by the ICTY. Its indictments cover crimes against members of several ethnic groups in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia that occurred between 1991 and 2001.

Features of ICTY

  1. ICTY provides Legacy conferences.
  2. ICTY held Legacy Dialogues in which they wanted to make sure that its work and accomplishments were accessible and significant to individuals throughout the world and in the region of the former Yugoslavia.
  3. A crucial tool for comprehending the ICTY’s investigation into this “crime against all humanity.”
  4. Due to the ICTY’s long history of prosecuting cases of wartime sexual abuse and its role in the former Yugoslavia’s process of dealing with the past.
  5. The Chambers, the Registry, and the Office of the Prosecutor are the three primary divisions that make up the ICTY.

Read also:

UNESCAP Full FormUNECE Full Form
UNDRR Full FormIFPRI Full Form

ICTY Facts

ICTY Facts

Objectives of ICTY

  • Trials should be held for those most accountable for heinous crimes like murder, torture, rape, enslavement, property destruction, and other offences detailed in the Tribunal’s Statute.
  • The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) seeks to punish offenders and bring justice to the thousands of victims and their families to prevent further atrocities and promote long-lasting peace in the region.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the Full form of ICTY?

The Full form of ICTY is the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.

When was ICTY established?

It was established on 25 May 1993.

ICTY was Authorized by?

It was authorized by United Nations Security Council Resolution 827.

ICTY is located in?

ICTY is located in Hague, Netherlands.

Read also:

ICCAT Full FormIWMI Full Form
IRRI Full FormCIP Full Form

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