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WIPO Full Form: Check History, Work, Objective etc.

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WIPO Full Form: World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) dedicated to encouraging creative activity to promote intellectual property protection worldwide. WIPO commenced on 26 April 1970 when the convention entered into force. WIPO’s complete form is World Intellectual Property Organization. WIPO is Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It currently has 193 member states, including 190 UN member states.

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According to the 1967 Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, WIPO was designed to support and protect the world’s intellectual property (IP) by contributing to countries and worldwide organizations. Throughout this article, we provide detailed information about the WIPO full form, project, objective, history, work etc.

Page Index
1 WIPO Overview
2 What is WIPO
3 WIPO Programs
4 Functions of WIPO
5 What does WIPO do
6 Participation of India in WIPO
7 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

WIPO Overview

Here in this section, we provide a short overview of (the International Civil Aviation Organization). Let’s have a look.

WIPOWorld Intellectual Property Organization
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Formation14 July 1967
HeadDaren Tang
Parent organizationUnited Nations Economic and Social Council
TypeUnited Nations specialized agency

What is WIPO?

WIPO is the global forum for intellectual property (IP) services, policy, information, and collaboration. We are a self-sustaining United Nations agency with 193 member states. The mission of WIPO is to lead the development of a balanced and effective international intellectual property system that promotes innovation and creativity for the benefit of all. The WIPO Convention established WIPO in 1967, specifies its mandate, governing bodies, and procedures.

History of WIPO

The history of WIPO is as follows.

1883Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
1886Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
1891Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks

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WIPO Programs

Below have mentioned WIPO four programs cover a rich portfolio of both general and specific programs on IP and cater to various target audiences:

  • Policymakers and government officials
  • Inventors and creators
  • Business managers and IP professionals
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurs
  • Students and teachers of IP
  • Civil society

Functions of WIPO

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) was founded to perform the following tasks:

  • To aid in developing campaigns that improve IP protection worldwide and keep national laws in sync.
  • Signing international agreements to protect intellectual property rights (IPR).
  • To carry out administrative functions agreed upon by the Berne and Paris Unions.
  • To provide legal and technical assistance in the field of intellectual property.
  • To conduct research, publish the findings, and collect and disseminate information.
  • To ensure the provision of services that aid in the protection of international intellectual property.
  • Other appropriate and necessary actions must be taken.

What does WIPO do?

  • WIPO collaborates with IP offices, users, and other stakeholders to create shared IP tools, services, standards, databases, and platforms.
  • This technical infrastructure is intended to assist IP institutions in more effectively collaborating and providing more efficient services to their users. It also allows innovators and information seekers worldwide free access to the IP system’s knowledge.
  • WIPO builds human capacity across intellectual property (IP) rights, including patents, trademarks, industrial designs, geographical indications, and copyright.
  • Training is provided through in-depth programmes offered by the WIPO Academy or through customised technical workshops.

Funding of WIPO

  • Member state contributions
  • Fees for services (e.g., registering patents, trademarks, industrial designs, dispute resolution)
  • Voluntary contributions from non-member states
  • Voluntary contributions from international organizations
  • Voluntary contributions from private sector entities

Sectors and divisions of WIPO

  • Economics and Statistics Division: Gathers global IP data, and conducts economic analysis.
  • Infrastructure and Platforms Sector: Develops and maintains databases, tools, and platforms for IP stakeholders, and integrates frontier technologies.
  • Diplomatic Engagement and Assemblies Affairs Division: Engages with the diplomatic community, and oversees key meetings and protocol services.
  • Traditional Knowledge Division: Manages WIPO’s initiatives on traditional knowledge, genetic resources, and cultural expressions, and facilitates multilateral negotiations.

Participation of India in WIPO

As shown in the table below, India is a signatory to several WIPO conventions and treaties, and India has recently joined the WIPO conventions listed below. The accession highlights India’s multilateral solid engagement with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), as well as India’s intent to establish a robust regime for IP protection.

TreatySignatureInstrumentIn Force
Budapest TreatyAccession: September 17, 2001December 17, 2001
Locarno AgreementAccession: June 7, 2019September 7, 2019
Budapest TreatyAccession: September 17, 2001December 17, 2001
Madrid ProtocolAccession: April 8, 2013July 8, 2013
Marrakesh VIP TreatyApril 30, 2014Ratification: June 24, 2014September 30, 2016
Nairobi TreatyJune 30, 1983Ratification: September 19, 1983October 19, 1983
Nice AgreementAccession: June 7, 2019September 7, 2019
Paris ConventionAccession: September 7, 1998December 7, 1998
Patent Cooperation TreatyAccession: September 7, 1998December 7, 1998
Phonograms ConventionOctober 29, 1971Ratification: November 1, 1974February 12, 1975
Vienna AgreementAccession: June 7, 2019September 7, 2019
WIPO ConventionAccession: January 31, 1975May 1, 1975
WIPO Copyright TreatyAccession: September 25, 2018December 25, 2018
WIPO Performances and Phonograms TreatyAccession: September 25, 2018December 25, 2018

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The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the most important organizations in the world that works to promote creation and invention. WIPO’s many programs and initiatives make it easier to protect and handle intellectual property rights. These programs and initiatives help governments, companies, creators, and scientists all. The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) works with many different groups to make sure that the international intellectual property system is fair and works well. Its work on building up people’s skills, giving technical help, and making new rules shows that it wants to encourage innovation for everyone’s gain. WIPO is still very important for shaping the world’s intellectual property environment, which is what makes progress and wealth possible.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the Full form of WIPO?

The full form of the WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization.

Is India a member of WIPO?

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations with 193 member states.

Which countries are not in WIPO?

Non-members are Kosovo, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, South Sudan, and the states with limited recognition.

Where is the headquarter of WIPO?

Geneva, Switzerland

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