Charitable Trust Registration Process: We have several questions about Trust. If anybody wants to start a Trust, what do they do, and how do they start? Here is the solution we share regarding Trust. A trust is a legal relationship in which the legal title to property is committed to a person or legal entity with a fiduciary duty to hold and use it for another’s advantage. We provide complete information about the “Trust registration process” throughout this article. You get information about Charitable Trusts, What trusts are, how they work, the Charitable Trust Registration process, etc.
What is Trust?
Types of Trust
Role of Trustee
Charitable Trust Registration Process (Flow Chart)
Trust Registration Process
What are the Benefits of Trust Registration?
What is Trust?
According to Section 3 of the Indian Trust Act of 1882, Trust means that when an obligation is attached to / owned by the property, a person (the settlor) puts the Trust in the hands of another person (Trustee) ( Third-party beneficiary). In other words, a trust is a legal vehicle that allows a third party, a trustee, to operate and manage assets in a trust fund on behalf of a beneficiary. A trust dramatically increases your choices about controlling your assets, whether trying to shield your wealth from taxes or passing it on to your kids.
In the amendment, the expression “Charitable Purpose” Act under section 2 (15) is included in the following:
- Relief of the poor,
- Medical Relief
- Advancement of any other object of general public utility.
Types of Trust
Trusts are classified into two categories:
A Public Trust is one whose beneficiaries include the general public or a sizeable portion. Public Trust is further categorized into:
- A public Charitable Trust
- Public Religious Trust
A Public Trust is a Non-Profit Charitable or Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO).
However, charitable and religious trusts fall under the rule of “Charitable and Religious Trusts Act, 1920, Religious Endowment Act, 1863, Charitable Endowments Act, 1890, Bombay Public Trusts Act, 1950” as the law of public trusts in India Are listed.
Note: The Central Act does not apply to public trusts. However, various states have passed their terms and their functions for administration.
Reasons for creating Public Trust?
The main reason for building public trust from two types of trust is;
- Public trusts are relatively popular because they are straightforward to register and manage.
- A public trust can avail of the exemption from the government under the Income Tax Act.
In addition, the charitable Trust has three requirements:
- Declaration of trust made by the Settler, which is binding on him,
- Separation of certain property by the settler and thereby deprive himself of ownership and
- Description of an item: What will be the property of the beneficiaries?
The property is considered once transferred to a trust.
Further, in case of violation of public trust, either the Advocate General or a suit regarding two or more persons interested in the trust may institute:
1. Removing a Trustee,
2. Appointment of a new trustee,
3. To keep any property in Trustee,
4. Instruct the expelled Trustee to occupy the property of any trust,
5. Directing the audit also.
Read also: Top 10 NGOs in India
A private trust is one whose beneficiaries are individuals or families. Personal trust is further classified into: –
- Private Special Trust / Discretionary Trust: In this case, the beneficiary and the share are determined.
- Where either of the two beneficiaries and their share is uncertain.
However, faith can be a mixture of both. Such trusts are called public-cum-private trusts.
Content of a valid Private Trust
Guidelines for creating a private trust are given below.
- The settlor of the property should declare some property set aside for the benefit of the beneficiaries.
- According to the trust deed, a trustee should manage the property to benefit the beneficiaries. A settler may also be a trustee of the same trust.
- There should be a beneficiary or beneficiary who benefits from the property of the colonizer (trust).
- Trust properties are appropriately demarcated.
- Besides, the objects of the trust must be specified.
Reasons for creating a Private Trust?
The private trust route of succession planning is gaining popularity in India as money asset protection grows rapidly. It helps in securing the property while the heirs can benefit from it. Furthermore, it helps to maintain the next generation of wealth rather than dispose of it shortly. Besides, he can enjoy tax benefits or deductions.
- Private trusts help apply the trust’s assets and insolvency protection to retain the trustee’s beneficiary or beneficiary.
- In a private trust declared by will, registration would not be necessary, even if it included an immovable property.
In the case of these trusts, a part of their income is used to promote public welfare, while the other part goes to an individual(s). The part of income going to a person (s) is assessable as private, while the part used to promote public welfare is eligible for tax exemption under section 11. The only condition applicable here is that the trust must have been created before 1-4-1962, before the Income-tax Act of 1961. Public-cum-private trusts created on or after this date are not eligible for this exemption under Section 11.
This article is to guide you in registering a charitable trust. It is an attempt to remove all doubts, questions and confusion related to it. Before registering for the Charitable Trust Registration, you should know the basic concept behind thTrTrust and some related terms.
Role of Trustee
Let’s have a look at the critical role of the Trustee.
Author of Trust
A person who repeats or declares the trust is called the “author of the trust”.
As per the Indian Trust Act, any person or minor permitted by the contract can trust the principal civil court of the original jurisdiction. But in each case, according to the law for the circumstances and the time limit on which the trusted author can dispose of the trust property.
A person who accepts a faith revoked or declared by the author/settler is called a “trustee”.
According to the Indian Trust Act, the following can be a trustee:
- A person is capable of holding property, but where the trust involves the exercise of discretion, it cannot proceed until it is competent to contract.
- The trust is not obliged to accept.
- A sign of acceptance with reasonable certainty by any words or acts of the trustee.
- Instead of accepting a trust, the expected trustee can reject it within a reasonable time. Such rejection prevents the trust property from being vested therein.
- Disclaimer by two or more co-trustees to reject the trust property in one or the other and form the sole trustee or trustee from the date of creating the trust.
- A trustee has to fulfil the trust’s purpose while following the Settler’s instructions at the time of its creation, amended with the consent of all other trustees.
- A trustee has the right to work, reimburse expenses, settle accounts, decree, etc. However, a trustee cannot relinquish after approval or use the trust property for his benefit. He cannot delegate or work in private.
Those who benefit from the confidence accepted by the author/settler and Trustee are called “beneficiaries”.
According to the Indian Trust Act, any person who is a beneficiary can keep the property. Beneficiaries have the right to rent, benefits, specific execution, seeking copies of the trust’s instruments, forcing them to do any work, etc. A proposed beneficiary may relinquish their interest to the Trustee subject to the Trustee with a claim inconsistent with the disclaimer or notice of the trust.
The subject of Trust is called “trust property” or “trust money”—an Instrument of Trust – “Instrument of Trust” The instrument by which trust is declared.
Charitable Trust Registration Process (Flow Chart)
Here, we provide information about the Trust Registration Charitable Trust Registration Process; follow these easy steps to start a Trust. Let’s see.
How do you start the Charitable Trust Registration Process?
1. Before registering your Trust, you must make the following decisions:
- Name of the Trust
- Address of the Trust
- Objects of the Trust (charitable or Religious Trust)
- One Settler of the Trust
- Two Trustees of the Trust
- Trust property is movable or immovable property (To save on stamp duty, a small amount of cash/check is usually given to be the initial property of the trust).
2. Prepare a trust deed on stamp paper of expected value (8% of the value of the trust’s property in Delhi. This rate varies from state to state)
3. Registration requirement of the trust deed with the local registrar under the Indian Trust Act, 1882:
- Trust deed on stamp paper of expected value (as stated at point 2 above)
- A passport-size photograph and a copy of the settler’s identity
- One passport-size photograph and a copy of proof of identity of each trustee.
- A passport-size photograph and a copy of the proof of identity of each of the two witnesses.
- Signature of settler on all pages of a Trust Deed.
- Witness by two persons on the trust deed.
4. Go to the local registrar and submit a trust deed and a photocopy for registration. The photocopy of the deed must also contain the signature of the settler on all pages. At registration, the Settler and two witnesses must be present in person, and their identity must be proven in the original.
5. The Registrar retains the photocopy and returns the original Registered copy of the Trust Deed.
Trust deed proves the legal status and is mandatory if a property is involved, especially land and building, to provide “A Prima Facie” evidence. It is an essential instrument of Trust. It contains a declaration of the aims, objectives and management modes (of the trust).
The appointment and removal procedures are outlined in the trust deed to eliminate any opportunity for future discrepancy. If there is a change of trustees or their number or registered address for the trustor’s aims and objectives, a new trust deed should be prepared after this one must be registered at the Registrar’s Office. If not prepared properly, the trust deed becomes useless and is akin to working without registration. Without a well-crafted fiduciary trust, there is a greater likelihood of future confusion, issues and disputes. YouTrTrust will face many problems in purchasing projects or raising funds.
Some people mistake trusts for existing trusts, which is a big mess because every trust is different, and the memorandum should be prepared explicitly targeting their particular needs. Thus, it is advisable to hire a consultant, as they are experienced in formulating trusts that meet specific needs. Their main function is to prepare a trust deed.
In this section, you will be able to get complete detailed information about the documents required for trust registration in India.
- Charitable Trusts are registered under the Public Trust Act of 1882.
- Needs a minimum of 2 persons above 18 years old just in case} of female and 19 years old in case of males with a sound mind and with any or no educational qualifications.
- Government and semi-government employees, too, are eligible to be Trustees of trust. They create no profit, salary, or personal interest for themselves through the public trust and offer selfless social services to the Trust.
- Aadhar and PAN Cards (Original and their Self Attested Copies) are required together with Water/ Electricity bills within their name or in the owner’s name of the property and the Permission/Consent letter the owner to open the Registered Office of Trust(NGO).
- A rent Agreement is also required if the property is on rent, with two witnesses, one of which is to be a Registered Advocate, together with two passport-sized photos.
- The trust deed is to be signed and submitted in the sub-registrar office under the Revenue Department of the concerned district court of the respective area/district.
NOTE: Legal document done by an experienced or knowledgeable Advocate to avoid future conflicts.
What are the Benefits of Trust Registration?
Here in this section, we provide information about critical topics like the Benefits of Charitable Trust Registration. Let’s have a look one by one.
- To Include in Charitable Activities
- Registered Trust Avails Tax Exemptions
- Gives Benefits To Poor People
- Compliance With Law
- Preservation Of Family Wealth
- Avoid Probate Court
- Immigration Of Family
- Forced Heirship
- Tax Mitigation & Managing Assets
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What are the Documents Required During the Charitable Trust Registration process in India?
> Charitable trusts are registered as public trusts under the Public Trust Act of 1882.
Needs a minimum of 2 persons above 18 years old just in case} of female and 19 years old in case of males with a sound mind and with any or no educational qualifications.
> Government and semi-government employees, too, are eligible to be Trustees of trust. They create no profit, salary or personal interest for themselves through the public trust and offer selfless social services to the Trust.
> Aadhar and PAN Card (Original and their Self Attested Copies) are required together with Water/ Electricity bills within their name or in the owner’s name of the property together with the Permission/Consent letter of the owner to open the Registered Office of Trust (NGO).
Read the above article to learn more about the documents required during the Charitable Trust Registration process.
What are the different types of Trust?
There are two types of Trust
1- Private Trust
2- Public Trust
What is the Difference between Trustee and Trustor?
The trustor is the person who creates the trust, whereas the person responsible for accomplishing the trust for the beneficiary is known as a Trustee.
How do you open a charitable trust in India?
Before registering your trust, you must make the following decisions:
> Name of the Trust
> Address of the Trust
> Objects of the Trust (charitable or Religious Trust)
> One Settler of the Trust
> Two Trustees of the Trust
> Trust property movable or immovable property (To save on stamp duty, a small amount of cash/check is usually given to be the initial property of the trust).
Read the above article carefully to check the complete process of starting a trust or filling out the Charitable Trust Registration form.
Does a charitable trust need to be registered?
All Charitable Incorporated Organisations (CIOs) must register with the Charity Commission, regardless of their annual income. CIOs do not formally exist as charities until registered for the charitable trust registration.
What is the difference between trust and charitable trust?
Charitable Purpose A charitable purpose improves, benefits or uplifts humankind mentally, morally, or physically. The requirements of intention, trustee, and res in a charitable trust are the same as those in a private trust. As a general rule, a charitable trust may last forever, unlike a private trust.
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