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UNO Full Form: History, Objective, Work etc.

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After witnessing the results of World War II, an international body was established in 1945, and 51 nations came together with a common objective of preserving international peace and security. They decided to sign a treaty called the United Nations, a charter to create a new agency. UNO full form is United Nations Organization, and its main goal is to establish friendly relations between nations and contribute to the community, the standard of living and human rights. The UN currently has 193 member states, and its work is guided by the purposes and principles outlined in its founding Charter. The United Nations has evolved to keep up with a rapidly changing world.

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There are numerous important international organisations, including the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), and the World Health Organization (WHO). The United Nations has its headquarters on international territory in New York City and main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague. Throughout this article, you will learn about the United Nations, its work, structure, history, and so on.

Page Index
1 UNO Overview
2 What is UNO?
3 Most important goals of UNO
4 Structures of UNO
5 General Assembly
6 UN Secretariat
7 Specialized Agencies
8 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

UNO Overview

Today UNO is functioning in additional than 193 countries. It works with local communities, business partners and governments of the country’s relations between nations and contributes to the community, living standards, & human rights.

UNOUnited Nations Organization
HeadquartersNew York, United States
Formation24 October 1945
Secretary-GeneralAntónio Guterres
Websitewww.un.org
Work193 countries
Official languagesArabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish

What is UNO?

The united organization is a global organization founded in 1945. Currently made up of 193 Member States, the UN and its work are guided by the needs and principles of its founding Charter. The UN has evolved over the years to keep pace with a rapidly changing world. But one thing has stayed the same: it remains the one place on Earth where all the world’s nations can gather together, discuss common problems, and find solutions that benefit humanity.

History

After the second world war, 51 countries met in San Francisco with a common goal to maintain international peace and security and the purpose of signing a document which was the United Nations Charter founding the United Nations Organization (UNO) on 24 October 1945. Recently there have been 193 member states in the UNO.

Most important goals of UNO

Members of states work together to fight climate change. This organization helps solve the problems against the issue which disturb the peace, social growth and development.

  • International peace and security
  • Humanitarian assistance to those in need
  • Upholding international law, protecting human rights, and promoting democracy

Structures of UNO

There is six main structure of the United Nations Organisation:

Structures of UNO
Structures of UNO

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General Assembly

The General Assembly is the leading representative organ of the UN. All UN member states are represented in the General Assembly, making it the only UN body with universal representation.

ParticularDescription
First CommitteeIt deals with Disarmament & International Security.
Second CommitteeIt deals with Economic & Financial matters.
Third CommitteeIt deals with Social, Humanitarian & Cultural issues.
Fourth CommitteeIt deals with Special Political & Decolonization.
Fifth CommitteeIt deals with Administrative & Budgetary issues.
Sixth CommitteeIt deals with Legal Matters.

UN Secretariat

This section contains information about the UNO secretariat list; you can find more details in the table below. Consider the secretariat’s name and country of origin.

NameCountry of origin
Gladwyn JebbUnited Kingdom
Trygve LieNorway
Dag HammarskjöldSweden
U ThantBurma
Kurt WaldheimAustria
Javier Pérez de CuéllarPeru
Boutros Boutros-GhaliEgypt
Kofi AnnanGhana
Ban Ki-moonSouth Korea
António GuterresPortugal
Source: Wikipedia

Specialized Agencies

This section contains the complete UNO list of specialised agencies, including their full name and year of establishment. Let us take a look.

AcronymAgencyEstablished in
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization1945
ICAOInternational Civil Aviation Organization1947
IFADInternational Fund for Agricultural Development1977
ILOInternational Labour Organization1946 (1919)
IMOInternational Maritime Organization1948
IMFInternational Monetary Fund1945 (1944)
ITUInternational Telecommunication Union1947 (1865)
UNESCOUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization1946
UNIDOUnited Nations Industrial Development Organization1967
UPUUniversal Postal Union1947 (1874)
WBGWorld Bank Group1945 (1944)
WHOWorld Health Organization1948
WIPOWorld Intellectual Property Organization1974
WMOWorld Meteorological Organization1950 (1873)
UNWTOWorld Tourism Organization1974

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the Full form of UNO?

United Nations Organization (UNO).

How many countries are in the United Nations?

There are 193 Countries.

Who is the head of the UN?

Antonio Guterres is the 9th Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization.

What is the goal of UNO?

To bring International Peace and Security.


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