After witnessing the results of World War II, an international body was established in 1945, and 51 nations came together with a common objective of preserving international peace and security. They decided to sign a treaty called the United Nations, a charter to create a new agency. UNO stands for United Nations Organization. Its main goal is to establish friendly relations between nations and contribute to the community, the standard of living and human rights.
Various important world bodies such as United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), WHO etc.
After the second world war,51 countries met in San Francisco with a common goal to maintain international peace and security and the purpose of signing a document which was the United Nations Charter founding the United Nations Organization (UNO) on 24 October 1945. Recently there are 193 member states in the UNO.
Today UNO is functioning in additional than 193 countries. It works with local communities, business partners and governments of the country’s relations between nations and contributes to the community, living standards, & human rights.
|UNO||United Nations Organization|
|Headquarters||New York, United States|
|Formation||24 October 1945|
|Official languages||Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish|
What is UNO?
The united organization is a global organization founded in 1945. Currently made of 193 Member States, the UN and its work are guided by the needs and principles contained in its founding Charter. The UN has evolved over the years to stay pace with a rapidly changing world. But one thing has stayed the same: it remains the one place on Earth where all the world’s nations can gather together, discuss common problems, and find solutions that benefit humanity.
Most important goals of UNO
Members of states work together to fight climate change. This organization helps solve the problems against the issue which disturb the peace, social growth and development.
- International peace and security
- Humanitarian assistance to those in need
- Upholding international law, protecting human rights, and promoting democracy
Structures of UNO
There is six main structure of the United Nations Organisation:
- The General Assembly
- The Security Council
- The Economic and Social Council
- The Trusteeship Council
- The International Court of Justice
- The Secretariat
The General Assembly is the leading representative organ of the UN. All UN member states are represented in the General Assembly, making it the only UN body with universal representation.
- First Committee: It deals with Disarmament & International Security.
- Second Committee: It deals with Economic & Financial matters.
- Third Committee: It deals with Social, Humanitarian & Cultural issues.
- Fourth Committee: It deals with Special Political & Decolonization.
- Fifth Committee: It deals with Administrative & Budgetary issues.
- Sixth Committee: It deals with Legal Matters.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Q. What is the Full form of UNO?
Ans. United Nations Organization (UNO).
Q. How many countries are in the United Nations?
Ans. There are 193 Countries.
Q. Who is the head of the UN?
Ans. Antonio Guterres is the 9th Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization.
Q. What is the goal of UNO?
Ans. To bring International Peace and Security.