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UNESCO Full Form: History, Objective, Work etc.

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UNESCO Full Form: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is UNESCO. It asks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, Sciences and Culture. UNESCO’s plans contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015. It has 193 member states and 11 associate members and partners in the nongovernmental, intergovernmental, and private areas. Headquartered at the World Heritage Centre in Paris, France, UNESCO has 53 provincial field offices and 199 national commissions facilitating its global mandate. UNESCO was established in 1945 as the successor to the League of Nations International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.

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UNESCO constitution finds the agency’s goals, governing structure, and operating framework. The mission, which the Second World War developed, is to advance peace, sustainable development and human rights by promoting collaboration and dialogue among nations.

1 UNESCO Overview
2 UNESCO’s Services
3 Official UNESCO NGOs
4 UNESCO Achievements
5 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

UNESCO Overview

This section briefly overviews UNESCO (United Nations World Development Program). Let’s have a look.

UNESCOUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
HeadquartersWorld Heritage Centre Paris, France
Formation16 November 1945
Parent organizationUnited Nations Economic and Social Council
TypeUnited Nations specialised agency
HeadAudrey Azoulay (Director-General)
Official languagesArabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.


The UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was founded in 1945 as a specialized body of the UN. Its roots can be traced back to the end of World War II. Initally created to help rebuild war-torn Europe, UNESCO quickly grew its goal to promote peace and unity between countries through education, science, and culture. The UNESCO headquarters are in Paris, France. The organization’s Constitution encourages countries to work together to protect human rights, promote peace, and keep everyone safe. UNESCO has been very important in improving education around the world, especially by pushing reading and fair pay for boys and girls in schools. In addition, it has made it easier to do scientific study and share technology. It has also helped protect cultural heritage places and build understanding between cultures. UNESCO is still working on many different projects to make the world a better place for everyone.

UNESCO’s Services

  • Library and Archives reading room
  • Bookshop
  • Campus
  • Restaurant
  • Art and Architecture

UNESCO Facts & Figure

Member States193 and 12 12 Associate Members
InstituteMore than 135 institutes and Category 2 centres under the auspices of UNESCO around the world
UNESCO Staff2,293 UNESCO Staff of 169 nationalities working across 54 countries
UNESCO Personnel44% of women Among UNESCO directors
UNESCO directors10 million km2 of land protected by UNESCO-designated sites including 727 Biosphere Reserves 169 Global Geoparks 1,15 4 World Heritage sites
Annual BudgetUS$ 684.9 million (10% of total UNESCO Budget) – From Private Secot Contributions
Land Protected55% of Women Among UNESCO Personnel
Li Beirut95 schools, 20 TVET centres and 3 universities in Lebanon’s capitalhave been rebuilt through UNESCO’s flagship initiative
ProjectsMore than 100 inspiring projects across 56 countries have been highlighted by the UNESCO Green Citizens
Jobs95 schools, 20 TVET centres and 3 universities in Lebanon’s capital have been rebuilt through UNESCO’s flagship initiative
UNESCO Green CitizensOver US$ 1 million earmarked for co-financing through the UNESCO-administered Global Media Defence Fund, a responsive mechanism to support not-for-profit organizations working on the ground to bolster journalists’ legal protection and/or enhance media freedom
Global Media Defence Fund246 cities that currently make up the UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN) place creativity and cultural industries at the heart of their local development Plans
UCCN246 cities that currently make up the UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN) place creativity and cultural industries at the heart oftheir local development Plans

Official UNESCO NGOs

IBInternational Baccalaureate
CCIVSCo-ordinating Committee for International Voluntary Service
CIPSHInternational Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies (Conseil International de Philosophie et des Sciences Humaines; publishes Diogenes)
CIOFFInternational Council of Organizations of Folklore Festivals and Folk Arts (Conseil International des Organisations de Festivals de Folklore et d’Arts Traditionnels)
EIEducation International
IAUInternational Association of Universities
IFTCInternational Council for Film, Television and Audiovisual Communication
ICOMInternational Council of Museums
ICSSPEInternational Council of Sport Science and Physical Education
ICAInternational Council on Archives
ICOMOSInternational Council on Monuments and Sites
IFJInternational Federation of Journalists
IFLAInternational Federation of Library Associations and Institutions
IFPAInternational Federation of Poetry Associations
IMCInternational Music Council
IPAInternational Police Association
INSULAInternational Scientific Council for Island Development
ISCInternational Science Council (formerly ICSU and ISSC)
ITIInternational Theatre Institute
IUCNInternational Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
IUTAOInternational Union of Technical Associations and Organizations
UIAUnion of International Associations
WANWorld Association of Newspapers
WFEOWorld Federation of Engineering Organizations
Source: Wikipedia

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UNESCO Key Achievements

UNESCO preserves 1073 World Heritage sites in 167 countriesUNESCO-designated sites represent 10 million km2
UNESCO leads global efforts to reach quality education for allUNESCO published General and Regional Histories
UNESCO coordinates Tsunami early warning systemsUNESCO Member States, Associated Schools
UNESCO led the reconstruction in TimbuktuAngkor Temple was removed from the List of WH in Danger
UNESCO launched the SESAME world-class research laboratoryUNESCO builds Youth networks across 9 Mediterranean countries
UNESCO condemns the killing of journalistsUNESCO led the reconstruction of Timbuktu

UNESCO Achievements

1952 The Universal Copyright Convention
1954 The creation of CERN
1960 Saving the Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae
1964 The General History of Africa
1965 The Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System
1971 The Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme
1997 The Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights

UNESCO and India

  • India is one of the founding members of UNESCO.
  • The Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU) is part of the Ministry of Human Resource Development’s Department of Secondary and Higher Education.
  • UNESCO has had an office in India since 1948 and now has two there.
  • India has been re-elected to the UNESCO Executive Board every year since 1946. Board members serve for four years.
  • India gives large amounts of money to UNESCO every year.
  • MGIEP, the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development, was founded in 2012 and is India’s UNESCO Category I Institute. Its main goal is to reach SDG 4.7.
  • In India, UNESCO does important work with the Ministry of Culture, especially when it comes to protecting traditional assets.
  • India has agreed to follow 19 UNESCO conventions. These cover a wide range of issues, such as protecting intellectual property rights, schooling, and natural and cultural assets.
  • UNESCO’s work in India is based on the UNDAF 2013–17, which focuses on nine priority states: Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, and Chhattisgarh.


As a specialized body of the UN, UNESCO is very important for encouraging countries to work together on science, culture, and education. UNESCO makes a big difference in reaching the Sustainable Development Goals set out in Agenda 2030 through its many collaborative projects and programs. India’s continued support for and participation in UNESCO’s work shows how dedicated the country is to promoting peace, development, and cultural preservation around the world. Through working together and having common goals, UNESCO is making the world a better place for everyone by spreading information and promoting culture.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the full form of UNESCO?

The full form of UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

How many countries are members of UNESCO?

The Organization has 193 member states and 11 associate members.

Who is the current head of UNESCO?

The 39th session of UNESCO’s General Conference elected Audrey Azoulay as Director-General of UNESCO, succeeding Irina Bokova.

Where is the headquarters of UNESCO?

UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France.

Who funds UNESCO?

The World Heritage Fund is the biggest source of funding for UNESCO.

When did India join UNESCO?

India has been a member of UNESCO since its inception in 1946.

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