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NGO Full Form: Types of NGO, Top NGOs in India etc.

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Many people have questions about NGOs, the NGO Full Form, the different types of NGOs, how they work, the top NGOs in India, and other topics. Do you want detailed information about them and want to learn more about NGOs? This article will undoubtedly help you. So, to begin, an NGO is an organisation that is formed independently of the government and stands for Non-Governmental Organization. It is a non-profit, volunteer organisation formed to improve the social structure, children, the poor, the environment, and so on. NGOs work to improve socioeconomic conditions and empower people.

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Page Index
1 What is NGO?
2 Types of NGOs
3 Orientation
4 Objectives of NGOs
5 Level of Operation
6 Advantages of an NGO
7 Standard Revenue Sources to Maintain NGOs
8 Top NGOs in India
9 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is NGO?

NGOs full form Non-Governmental Organizations and are independent organisations that are not affiliated with the government, though they may collaborate with government agencies. NGOs are typically philanthropic organisations that work to improve social or human welfare. NGOs are frequently formed to fill a void left by governments that cannot or will not act.

For example, an NGO may provide relief following a natural disaster, provides the best education to rural areas, some shelter to stay and their health or assist in the delivery of medical supplies to a war-torn country. Non-profit organizations may also fight for environmental protection or human rights. There are literally thousands of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working on a wide range of issues around the world.

History of NGO

The origins of international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) may be traced back to the late 18th century when an estimated 1,083 NGOs were in existence by 1914. They were very important in efforts like ending slavery and giving women the right to vote. The World Disarmament Conference in 1932–1934 was their peak. The term became more well-known after the United Nations was created in 1945.

Article 71 of the UN’s charter gives advisory standing to groups that are not part of a government. In 1950, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations added to this list by saying that international NGOs are groups that were not created by international laws. As Agenda 21 shows, NGOs became more well-known in the fight for sustainable development.

The reworking of welfare states in Western countries speed up the growth of NGOs. This growth accelerated around the world after communist systems fell apart, which is in line with the Washington Consensus. Globalization in the 20th century made NGOs even more important by giving them a way to fight back against corporate projects with social, developmental, and long-term goals. Events like the World Social Forum and the Earth Summit in 1992 made it clear how important it is for foreign NGOs to work together to solve environmental problems and promote long-term growth. Nowadays, a big part of NGOs’ activity and effect is their ability to network with groups in other countries.

Types of NGOs

There are many questions in our mind, how many types of NGOs and their orientation and level of operation may classify it. So we are providing complete knowledge about how many types of NGOs; let’s have a look.

NGOs are classified by their orientation, which means the type of activities an NGO undertakes, such as activities involving consumer protection, human rights, health, environmentalism, or development and level of operation, which means the scale at which an organization works: regional, local, national, or international.

Other acronyms commonly used to describe non-governmental organisations are:

BINGO (Business-friendly international NGO)CSO (Civil society organization)
ENGO (Environmental NGO)DONGO (Donor-organized NGO)
GONGO (Government-organized non-governmental organization)GSO (Grassroots Support Organization)
INGO (International NGO)MANGO (Market advocacy NGO)
NGDO (Non-governmental development organization)NNGO (Northern (UK) NGO)
PANGO (Party NGO — addressing political matters)PVDO (Private voluntary development organization)
Quango (Quasi-autonomous NGO)SBO (Social benefit organization)
SCO (Social change organization)SNGO (Southern (UK) NGO)
TANGO (Technical assistance NGO)TNGO (Transnational NGO)
YOUNGO (Youth NGOs – advocating for youth rights)


CharitiesThey involve NGOs directed at meeting the requirements of disadvantaged people and groups.
ServiceIt involves NGOs that give healthcare (including family planning) and education.
ParticipationIt includes self-help projects involving local tools, land, money, materials, or labour.
EmpowermentIt aims to help poor people know the political, social, and economic factors influencing their lives and raise awareness of their power to control them.

Read also: What is NGOization

Objectives of NGOs

Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) can be a powerful force for positive change in the world. They work to improve people’s lives in their communities and around the world. The following are the objectives of NGOs:

  • To fight for human rights
  • To offer humanitarian assistance
  • To promote long-term development
  • To support indigenous peoples’ cultures – To protect the environment

Read also:

NPO Full FormCSR Full Form
FCRA Full FormUNO Full Form

Level of Operation

Level of OperationDescription
Community-based organizations (CBOs) A popular initiative can increase the awareness of the urban poor, helping them get their right to services and giving such services.
City-wide organizations It includes commerce and industry chambers, business coalitions, ethnic or educational groups, and community organizations.
State NGOs It includes state-level organizations, associations, and groups, and national and international NGOs guide some state NGOs.
National NGOs It is an NGO that survives in only one country; they are rare. These include national organizations such as YMCAs and YWCAs, professional associations, and similar groups.
International NGOs (INGOs) It ranges from secular agencies, such as to save the children, to religious groups. They may fund local NGOs, institutions and projects and implement projects.

Advantages of an NGO

We are sharing the following advantages of commencing an NGO in India:

  • Improve Literacy level
  • Improve standards of life
  • Innovative approaches
  • Better communication
  • It enhances the ability of rural women and teenagers to lead.
  • It encourages youngsters and rural women to be more creative.
  • It promotes unemployed young people and rural women to start businesses.

Standard Revenue Sources to Maintain NGOs

NGOs can accept donations from private individuals, for-profit corporations, charitable foundations, and governments of all levels, including local, state, federal, and international. They can also charge membership dues and sell goods and services because they are nonprofit organisations. In this section, you can get information about the Standard Revenue Sources to Maintain NGOs, let’s have a look.

Standard Revenue Sources to Maintain NGOs
Standard Revenue Sources to Maintain NGOs

Top NGOs in India

NOTE: Wanted to check the detailed information about Top Non-Government organizations in India Click Here.


Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are the most powerful force behind solving issues internationally among communities. Having a history dating back to the late 18th century, NGOs have gone through the process of evolution and are now regarded as key forces for change. They are now campaigning for human rights, providing humanitarian aid to those in need, and preserving the future of global development.

The NGO’s different persuasions and levels of operations let them satisfy numerous needs, from local projects to humanitarian undertakings of international dimensions. They have the potential to increase literacy levels, enhance the quality of life, and promote the development of skills such as creativity and self-actualization. NGOs make money from fundraising, membership dues, and trading goods and services. Attired in multiple colors and always optimistic, NGOs act as agents of positive transformation, continuing to overcome challenges and making a sustainable impact in communities globally.

Read also:

UNICEF Full FormWHO Full Form
UNESCO Full FormIMO Full Form

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q. What is the Full Form of an NGO?

A. NGO stands for NON-Government Organization.

Q. What is NGO work?

A. NGOs take up and execute projects to promote the welfare of the community they work with, and they work to address various concerns and issues prevailing within society.

Q. What is the advantage of an NGO?

A. The advantage of NGOs are:
> Improve Literacy level
> Improve standards of life
> Innovative approaches
> Better communication

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