What is NGO? How to Start an NGO? How to Register an NGO?

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What is NGO

Hello friends, today we will give complete information about NGO in this article, what is NGO? How to Start an NGO? Looking for its complete information, then you are in the right place, here you are given complete information about it.

What is NGO

An NGO is an organization in which the government has no role; It is a Non-governmental Organization. People who have good money or business help people through NGOs, this is an organization which is aimed at the welfare of the society. NGOs do a lot of social work such as housing for widowed women, teaching poor orphans, protection of women, etc.

NGOs were developed in the US because in the US apart from the government many social works are done by these organizations. It is an organization that can be run by anyone, it cannot be run by one person, it is run by a group of 7 or more people.

Russia had about 277,000 NGOs in 2008. India is estimated to have had around 2 million NGOs in 2009, just over one NGO per 600 Indians, and many times the number of primary schools and primary health centres in India.

It is not run for profit, but for the good of others. If a group of individuals want to do social work or social reform work, they can do so through a registered or unregistered NGO. But one benefit from registered NGOs is that you can get financial support from the government for social welfare. If a person wants to do social work or social welfare without the help of the government, he can also work by contacting a private company.

How to Start an NGO?

Before starting an NGO, you should know what are the basic problems of people in the area you want to reduce. Knowing this, it becomes easier to formulate the purpose and mission of your NGO accordingly. After this, you have to decide the vision, mission and objectives of the NGO.

People who have problems within society will have to work accordingly. Because no one listens to many people’s problems. Therefore, the purpose of any NGO should be to understand the problems of the people and start their NGO accordingly.

Required Document

Before starting an NGO you need some important documents.

  • Memorandum and Rules & Regulations in Duplicate duly signed by Minimum Three persons (Each page on bottom). 
  • Ownership Proof of Registered Office. (Electricity Bill/Sale Deed/ GPA/Water Bill etc.) 
  • Residential/Office Address Proof of all members of the Society. Such as Voter ID/ Telephone Bill/ Electricity Bill/Pass Port/Driving License etc. 
  • NOC from Owner of premises on Rs.10/- Stamp Paper. 
  • An affidavit from President on Rs.10/- Stamp Paper. 
  • List of Desirous person should be signed by all members of society. 
  • Desirous persons or the persons subscribing the name to the Memorandum should not be (in any case) less than seven. If it is proposed to give All India character to the society there must be a minimum of eight different persons from different States of Indian Union to the Memorandum.

There are important documents like Trust Deed / Memorandum of Association, Rules and Regulations / Memorandum and Articles of Association.

Which of these three documents you will need depends on the nature of your NGO. Full details of your NGO are within these documents. Such as – how many members will be in NGO, what is the purpose of the NGO, How to make people members in NGOs, How NGOs work, and the expulsion rules etc.

If you are going to start an NGO, then you have to open a separate bank account in the name of NGO. For this, you should have a PAN card in the name of NGO because with this you will be able to open a bank account. Because if someone donates. So it goes to the account of the NGO.

How to Register an NGO?

The process of registration of an NGO in India is done in three ways. Or we can also say that NGOs can be registered in any of the three Acts. Let us know what are these three acts?

  • Trust Act
  • Society Act
  • Companies Act

Trust Act

There are Trust Acts in various states of India but if a state does not have a Trust Act, then the 1882 Trust Act applies in that state. It is necessary to have at least two trustees under this act. To register an NGO under this Act, you have to apply to the charity commissioner or registrar office. To register an NGO under the Trust Act, you need a document called deed.

Society Act

Registration under the Act requires a Memorandum of Association and Rules & Regulations document, this document is very important. A minimum of 7 members is required to create this document. NGOs are registered as societies, but in the state of Maharashtra, NGOs can be registered as trustees in some states such as the Societies Act.

Section 8 Company Act

Memorandum and articles of association and regulation document are required for registration of an NGO under the Companies Act. No stamp paper of any kind is required to create this document, a minimum of three members are required to create this document. In this act, the NGO is registered under the Companies Act.

Top NGO in India

Non-governmental organizations around the world work for different types of social welfare and human welfare, these organizations work towards continuous development and bring positive changes in society.

It performs a wide variety of functions, its main purpose being to work on social causes. It provides education for poor orphans, provides books to children, provides good food to children in school, etc.

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