What is NGO? How to Start an NGO? How to Register an NGO? Know Here Complete Details

There are many questions in our mind about NOGs, and if anybody wants to start an NGO, then what they do, how to start, so here is the solution we share all the question regarding NGOs. So let’s begin basically; NGO stands for a non-governmental organization; while there is no universally agreed-upon definition of an NGO, typically, it is a voluntary group or institution with a social mission, which operates independently from the government. According to the surveys, NGOs have a high degree of public trust, which can make them a valuable proxy for the matters of society and stakeholders.

Although these terms are not necessarily interchangeable, an organization similar to an NGO may be called a nonprofit organization, civil society organization, citizen sector organization, nonprofit, charity, voluntary organization, grassroots support organization, non-state actor, social benefit, and an advocacy organization. Through this article, we are providing complete information about NGOs, like what is NGO? How to Start an NGO? Looking for its comprehensive information, you are in the right place; here, you are given complete information about it.

What is NGO?
Types of NGOs
How to Start an NGO?
Required Document
How to Register an NGO?
Top NGO in India

State-wise Top NGOs in India

What is NGO?

An NGO is an organization in which the government has no role; It is a Non-governmental Organization. People who have good money or business help people through NGOs; this is an organization aimed at the welfare of society. NGOs do much social work such as housing for widowed women, teaching poor orphans, protecting women, etc.

NGOs were developed in the US because in the US, apart from the government, many social works are done by these organizations. It is an organization that can be run by anyone; one person cannot run it; it is run by a group of 7 or more people.

Russia had about 277,000 NGOs in 2008. India is estimated to have had around 2 million NGOs in 2009, just over one NGO per 600 Indians, and many times the number of primary schools and primary health centres in India.

It is not run for profit but the good of others. If individuals want to do social work or social reform work, they can do so through a registered or unregistered NGO. But one benefit from registered NGOs is that you can get financial support from the government for social welfare. If a person wants to do social work or social welfare without the government’s help, he can also work by contacting a private company.

Types of NGOs

There are many questions in our mind, how many types of NGOs and their orientation and level of operation may classify it. So we are providing complete information about how many types of NGOs, let’s have a look.

OrientationLevel of operation
CharitiesCommunity-based organizations (CBOs)
ServiceCity-wide organizations
ParticipationState NGOs
EmpowermentNational & International NGOs

Before starting an NGO, you should know the basic problems of people in the area you want to reduce. Knowing this, it becomes easier to formulate the purpose and mission of your NGO accordingly. After this, you have to decide the vision, mission and objectives of the NGO.

Advantage of an NGO

We are sharing the following are the advantages of starting an NGO in India:

  • Reduce literacy levels
  • Improve standards of life
  • Innovative approaches
  • Better communication

How to Start an NGO?

People who have problems within society will have to work accordingly because no one listens to many people’s problems. Therefore, the purpose of any NGO should be to understand the problems of the people and start their NGO accordingly.

Steps to easily start an NGO in India:

Here we are provide the information about How to start an NGO, follow these easy steps to start an NGO. let’s see.

NOTE: To check the complete details about how to start an NGOs Click Here

Required Document

Before starting an NGO you need some important documents.

  • Memorandum and Rules & Regulations in Duplicate duly signed by Minimum Three persons (Each page on bottom).
  • Ownership Proof of Registered Office. (Electricity Bill/Sale Deed/ GPA/Water Bill etc.)
  • Residential/Office Address Proof of all members of the Society. Such as Voter ID/ Telephone Bill/ Electricity Bill/Pass Port/Driving License etc.
  • NOC from Owner of premises on Rs.10/- Stamp Paper.
  • An affidavit from President on Rs.10/- Stamp Paper.
  • All members of society should sign the list of Desirous person.
  • Desirous persons or the persons subscribing the name to the Memorandum should not be (in any case) less than seven. If it is proposed to give All India character to the society, there must be eight different persons from different States of Indian Union to the Memorandum.

There are important documents like Trust Deed / Memorandum of Association, Rules and Regulations / Memorandum and Articles of Association.

Which of these three documents you will need depends on the nature of your NGO. Full details of your NGO are within these documents. Such as how many members will be in the NGO, the purpose of the NGO, How to make people members in NGOs, How NGOs work, and the expulsion rules.

If you are going to start an NGO, you have to open a separate bank account in the name of the NGO. For this, you should have a PAN card in the name of the NGO because with this; you will be able to open a bank account. Because if someone donates. So it goes to the account of the NGO.

Things to Know Before Setting Up

Here we are providing information about Things to Know Before Setting Up an NGO in India, basically beginning an NGO needs more than just money, and it requires hard work, determination, and a genuine passion for supporting others.

  • Board of Directors/members Set up
  • Design of Name of your NGO
  • Memorandum – Articles of Incorporation/ Articles of Association
  • NGO registration
  • Start getting funds
  • Get Connected

How to Register an NGO?

The process of registration of an NGO in India is done in three ways. Or we can also say that NGOs can be registered in any of the three Acts. Let us know what these three acts are?

  • Trust Act
  • Society Act
  • Companies Act

Trust Act

There are Trust Acts in various states of India, but if a state does not have a Trust Act, then the 1882 Trust Act applies. It is necessary to have at least two trustees under this act. To register an NGO under this Act, you have to apply to the charity commissioner or registrar office. To register an NGO under the Trust Act, you need a document called a deed.

Society Act

Registration under the Act requires a Memorandum of Association and Rules & Regulations document; this document is essential. A minimum of 7 members is required to create this document. NGOs are registered as societies, but NGOs can be registered as trustees in some states, such as the Societies Act in Maharashtra.

Section 8 Company Act

Memorandum and articles of association and regulation document are required to register an NGO under the Companies Act. No stamp paper of any kind is required to create this document; a minimum of three members are required to create this document. In this act, the NGO is registered under the Companies Act.

Top NGO in India

Non-governmental organizations worldwide work for different social welfare and human welfare; these organizations work towards continuous development and bring positive changes in society.

It performs a wide variety of functions, its main purpose being to work on social causes. It provides education for poor orphans, provides books to children, provides good food for children in school, etc.

Smile Foundation

Senge’s philosophy inspires the NGO, a group of young corporate professionals who came together in 2002 to set up Smile Foundation to work with grassroots initiatives for effecting positive changes in the lives of underprivileged children, their families and communities. An NGO for poor child education is an NGO in India directly helping over 15,00,000 children and their families every year through more than 400 live welfare projects on education, healthcare, livelihood and women empowerment in over 2000 remote villages and slums in 25 states of India.

Name of NGOSmile Foundation
Founded Year2000
NGO TypeNon-Profit Organization
Founder of NGOPeter Senge
Official Websitewww.smilefoundationindia.org
Address161 B/4, 3rd Floor, Gulmohar House, Yusuf Sarai Community Centre, New Delhi-110049
Contact Number+91-11-43123700

Care India

CARE is a not-for-profit organisation working in India for 70 years, focusing on alleviating poverty and social injustice. We do this through well-planned and comprehensive projects in health, education, livelihoods, disaster preparedness, and response. While CARE has been working in India since 1946, it formally arrived in 1950 by signing the Indo-CARE Bilateral Agreement.

Name of NGOCare India
Founded Year1946
NGO TypeNon-Profit Organization
Founder of NGOManoj Gopalakrishna
Official Websitewww.careindia.org
AddressModule No. 411, 4th Floor, NSIC-MDBP Building, Okhla Industrial Estate, New Delhi 110020
Contact Number011-69200000

GiveIndia Foundation

GiveIndia is a non-profit organisation in India, and it is an online donation platform and aims to channel and provide credible non-governmental organisations across India. As a web portal, it helps raise funds and contributions from individuals across India and the world and then disburses these donations to credible Indian NGOs.

Name of NGOGiveIndia
Founded Year1999
NGO TypeNon-Profit Organization
Founder of NGOVenkat Krishnan
Official Websitewww.giveindia.org
AddressBengaluru, Karnataka, India


Goonj is a non-governmental organisation, which undertakes disaster relief, humanitarian aid and community development in 23 states across India. It focuses on clothing as a basic but unaddressed need. It was founded in 1999 by Anshu Gupta. It aims to build an equitable relationship of strength, sustenance and dignity between the cities and villages using the under-utilized urban material as a tool to trigger development with pride across the country.

Name of NGOGoonj
Founded Year1999
NGO TypeNon-Profit Organization
Founder of NGOAnshu Gupta
Official Websitewww.goonj.org
AddressGOONJ, J-93, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi- 110 076.
Contact Number011- 41401216, 26972351

Helpage India

HelpAge India is a leading charity in India working with and for disadvantaged elderly for nearly four decades. It was set up in 1978 and, there is an estimated 106 million elderly in India. They advocate for their needs, such as Universal Pension, quality healthcare, action against Elder Abuse, and several more at a national, state, and societal level with Central and State governments.

Name of NGOHelpAge India
Founded Year1978
Type12A, 80G
Founder of NGOMr Jackson Cole, Samson Daniel
Official Websitewww.helpageindia.org
AddressC-14 Qutab Institutional Area, New Delhi-110016, India
Contact Number011-41688955/56

State-wise Top NGOs in India

Here we are provide the information about state-wise top NGOs in India with complete details let’s look one by one.

State NameLinks HereState NameLinks Here
Andhra PradeshClick HereManipurClick Here
Arunachal PradeshClick HereMizoramClick Here
AssamClick HereNagalandClick Here
BiharClick HereOdishaClick Here
ChhattisgarhClick HerePunjabClick Here
GoaClick HereRajasthanClick Here
GujaratClick HereSikkimClick Here
HaryanaClick HereTamil NaduClick Here
Himachal PradeshClick HereTripuraClick Here
Jammu & KashmirClick HereUttar PradeshClick Here
JharkhandClick HereUttarakhandClick Here
KarnatakaClick HereWest BengalClick Here
KeralaClick HereDelhiClick Here
Madhya PradeshClick HereTelanaganaClick Here
MaharashtraClick HereMeghalayaClick Here

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