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BIPM Full Form: History, Overview, Functions etc.

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BIPM Full Form: The BIPM Full Form is the International Bureau of Weights and Measures, which works together to establish measuring standards in four fields: chemistry, ionising radiation, physical metrology, and coordinated universal time. Its headquarters are in Saint-Cloud, Paris. Older literature has referred to the organisation as IBWM.

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The BIPM plays a significant part in preserving precise global time. It creates a single, official, Coordinated Universal Time by combining, analysing, and averaging all participating countries’ recognised atomic time standards.

BIPM Overview

This section briefly overviews the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM). Let’s have a look.

BIPM Full FormInternational Bureau of Weights and Measures
Formation20 May 1875
Managing DirectorMartin Milton
MethodSocial science research
Official languagesEnglish


Following the signing of the Metre Convention, a treaty involving 17 Member States, the BIPM was established on May 20, 1875. (as of November 2018, there are now 59 members).

Its headquarters are in the Pavillon de Breteuil in Saint-Cloud, France, a 4.35 ha (10.7 acres) land (formerly 2.52 ha or 6.2 acres) that the French government gave the Bureau in 1876. The location has been regarded as international territory since 1969, and the BIPM is granted all the benefits and rights provided to an intergovernmental organisation.


  1. The BIPM’s mandate is to establish the foundation for a single, consistent, and traceable system of measures for the entire world (SI). This work can take many forms, including direct unit distribution and coordination through cross-national comparison of measurement standards (as in electricity and ionising radiation).
  2. Each time the General Conference meets, a draft of the BIPM Work Programme is offered for discussion with the BIPM budget. The CIPM decides the final work schedule by the CGPM and CIPM agreed-upon budget.
  3. At the moment, the BIPM primarily focuses on Its four departments—chemistry, ionising radiation, physical metrology, and time—to conduct scientific and technical work.
  4. Work on coordination and liaison, including providing the secretariat for the CIPM Consultative Committees, some of their Working Groups, and the CIPM MRA, and institutional liaison with other organisations supporting the global quality infrastructure and other international organisations.
  5. Programs for improving capacities and transferring knowledge to improve the performance of the Member States and Associates with evolving metrology systems in the global metrology community.
  6. The International Network on Quality Infrastructure (INetQI), which supports and implements QI activities in metrology, accreditation, standardisation, and conformity assessment, counts the BIPM as one of its twelve member organisations.

Read also:

ICAO Full FormUNECA Full Form
ITU Full FormWOCCU Full Form
ICSID Full FormWCO Full Form

Member States of BIPM

At the moment, there are 64 Member States and 36 Associate States and Economies.

ArgentinaKorea (Republic of)Sweden
BulgariaNetherlandsUnited Arab Emirates
CanadaNew ZealandUnited Kingdom
ChileNorwayUnited States of America
Costa RicaPortugalHungary
CzechiaRussian FederationIndonesia
DenmarkSaudi ArabiaIran (Islamic Republic of)
FranceSouth AfricaJapan


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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the BIPM Full Form?

The BIPM Full Form is the International Bureau of Weights and Measures.

When BIPM is established?

It was established on 20 May 1875.

What is the role of BIPM?

The BIPM plays a significant part in preserving precise global time. It creates a single, official Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) by bringing together, analysing, and averaging all member countries’ recognised atomic time standards worldwide.

Read also:

MIGA Full FormICSID Full Form
IDLO Full FormBIPM Full Form
ICES Full FormISA Full Form

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