WHO is the most important agency of the United Nations responsible for improving public health conditions worldwide. It was established on 7 April 1948, and this day is celebrated as World Health Day. World Health Organization (WHO) is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with six semi-autonomous local offices and 150 field offices worldwide and WHO is working with 194 member States across the six regions. WHO built the assets, staff, and duties of the League of Nations’ Health Organization and the Office International d’Hygiène Publique, including the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).
The WHO relies on donations from member states (both assessed and willing) and private donors. Its whole approved budget for 2020–2021 is over $7.2 billion, of which the bulk comes from optional contributions from member states. World Health Organization are approved preferences cover dangerous diseases, especially HIV/AIDS, Ebola, COVID-19, malaria and tuberculosis; non-communicable conditions such as heart disease and cancer; healthy diet, nutrition, food security; occupational health;
WHO’s general commission involves:
- Supporting universal healthcare.
- Monitoring public health risks.
- Coordinating responses to health emergencies.
- Promoting human health and the whole being.
It gives technical assistance to countries, sets international health criteria and guidelines, and receives global health issues through the World Health Survey.
History of WHO
- International Sanitary Conferences, formerly held on 23 June of 1851, had the first predecessors of the WHO.
- A group of 14 conferences that served from 1851 to 1938, the International Sanitary Conferences worked to combat various conditions, chief among cholera, yellow fever, and the bubonic plague.
- The discussions were primarily ineffective until the seventh, in 1892, when an International Sanitary Convention dealt with cholera.
- Five years later, a gathering for the plague continued signed.
- As a conclusion of the progress of the Conferences, the Pan-American Sanitary Bureau (1902) and the Office International d’Hygiène Publique (1907) was soon established. When the League of Nations was formed in 1920, they found the Health Organization of the League of Nations. Following World War II, the United Nations incorporated all the other health organizations to form the WHO.
Here in this section, we are providing the short overview about WHO (World Health Organization) Let’s have a look.
|WHO||World Health Organization|
|Formation||7 April 1948|
|Executive Director||Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus|
|Official languages||Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish|
WHO Role in Public Health
Below are mentioned the As of 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) has determined its part in public health as follows:
- WHO providing leadership on concerns critical to the health and engaging in partnerships anywhere standard action is demanded;
- It is developing the analysis program and animating the formation, translation, and distribution of relevant knowledge;
- Introducing norms and rules and advertising and monitoring their implementation;
- It is providing professional support, catalysing innovation, and building sustainable institutional function; and
- I was monitoring the health situation and assessing health aims.
- CRVS (civil registration and vital statistics) monitors critical events (birth, death, wedding, divorce).
Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)
Q. What is the full form of WHO?
A. The full form of WHO is World Health Organization
Q. What is the WHO definition of health?
A. Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Q. Where can I find job opportunities at WHO?
A. The WHO employment site compiles a list of current vacancies and types of recruitment contract.
Q. Why are countries referred to the way they are?
A. The official names of the WHO Member States and their relative position in the alphabetical lists are based on information received from the Member States themselves and the United Nations.